Indonesia has a population of about 250 million and it is the fourth most populous country in the world. According to the last census the total Muslim population is approximately 88% of total population, making Indonesia the largest Muslim society in the world. Indonesian population consists of many ethnicities- 45% Javanese, 14% Sundanese, 7.5% Madurese and 26% other ethnic groups.

There are about 583 languages and dialects spoken in the Indonesia. They normally belong to the different ethnic groups of the population. Some of the distinctly different local languages are: Acehnese, Batak, Sundanese, Javanese, Sasak, Tetum of Timor, Dayak, Minahasa, Toraja, Buginese, Halmahera, Ambonese, Ceramese, and several Irianese languages. To make the picture even more complex and colorful, these languages are also spoken in different dialects.


Indonesian staple food is rice. Rice is the seed of the monocot plants Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice). As a cereal grain, it is the most important staple food for a large part of the world’s human population, especially in Asia and the West Indies. It is the grain with the third-highest worldwide production, after maize (corn) and wheat, according to data for 2009.


Sugar is a class of edible crystalline carbohydrates, mainly sucroselactose, and fructose characterized by a sweet flavor.

Sucrose in its refined form primarily comes from sugar cane and sugar beet. It and the other sugars are present in natural and refined forms in many foods, and the refined forms are also added to many food preparations.

So, what is the connection between rice, sugar and Indonesian?

Rice, like wheat and corn, cannot be eaten raw. It must be cooked. Even if you were starving in the desert, you cannot eat rice in the raw form. This is because we do not have the system of enzymes to break rice down. And, Rice becomes sugar – lots of it. Indonesians, eat rice as they staple food. Can you imagine how many calories in one bowl of rice? It is almost equal to 10 teaspoons of sugar. And worse, in central java, Javanese eats a bowl of rice three times a day. Plus, after they finished their breakfast or lunch or dinner, usually they drank a cup of tea or coffee or orange water added with 2 spoons of sugar. Can you imagine how many calories they consume every day? Here is the fact; Indonesians mostly got a diabetes disease because of this habit.